Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulphate (DHEAS)
- You need to provide Blood
- Overnight fasting is not mandatory
- This test is for Male, Female
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What is DHEAS?
This test measures the levels of Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate(DHEAS) in your blood. DHEAS is a sex hormone that plays an important role in making the male sex hormone testosterone and the female sex hormone estrogen. The DHEAS test is mostly done in case of excessive hair growth and development of masculine features in females, menstrual irregularities and infertility in women, and diagnosing disorders of the testicles or ovaries. It is also used to check the functioning of the adrenal gland, and find the causes of early puberty.
DHEA sulfate levels normally decline with age in both men and women. Sometimes low levels of DHEA might be linked to aging, diabetes, low sex drive, and erectile dysfunction.
Why is DHEAS done?
DHEAS test is done in females in case of:
- Hirsutism (excess facial and body hair)
- Amenorrhea (absence of menstrual periods)
DHEAS test is done in males in case of:
- Signs of Precocious (early) puberty such as deeper voice, pubic hair, or muscle development
DHEAS test is done in small babies in case of:
- Ambiguous external genitalia (female babies born with genitals which are not clear in appearance that they are male or female genitals)
What does DHEAS Measure?
DHEAS test measures the DHEAS level in the blood. DHEAS is a male sex hormone which is present both in men and women. It is majorly produced by the adrenal glands. Along with that, it is produced in small quantities by ovaries in women and by testicles in men. DHEAS plays an important role in developing secondary sexual characteristics at puberty in males. It can be further converted into more potent androgens by the body such as testosterone and androstenedione. Whereas, in females, it can be converted into the female hormone estrogen.
For proper adrenal gland function, the production of DHEAS is important and is treated as a marker. In case of adrenal tumors (cancerous and non-cancerous) and adrenal hyperplasia, there is an overproduction of DHEAS. However, in very few cases, high levels of DHEAS can be seen in ovarian tumors.
Interpreting DHEAS results
|Age (Years)||Males (ug/dL)||Females (ug/dL)|
|11-14||16.60 – 242.70||8.60 – 169.80|
|15-19||45.10 – 385.00||61.20 – 493.60|
|20-24||238.40 – 539.30||134.20 – 407.40|
|25-34||167.90 – 591.90||95.80 – 511.70|
|35-44||139.70 – 484.40||74.80 – 410.20|
|45-54||136.20 – 447.60||56.20 – 282.90|
|55-64||48.60 – 361.80||29.70 – 182.20|
|65-70||228.50 – 283.60||33.60 – 78.90|
|< 1 week||24.60 – 302.80|
|1 – 4 weeks||8.50 – 317.30|
|1 – 12 months||31.60 – 214.10|
|1 – 4 years||32.70 – 276.00|
|5 – 10 years||24.40 – 209.70|
Healths First, Lal Pathlab, Medcis Pathlab
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